The ocean health index ohi is an assessment framework that comprehensively evaluates marine environments in a way that is standardized yet tailorable to different contexts and spatial scales halpern et al. The 2016 ocean health index shows no major declinesand few. Ohi assessments combine opensource freelyavailable existing information and societal priorities to score marine systems. The ocean health index ohi provides a good reference to quantitatively assess the status of the marine environment from the coupled humanocean systems perspective elfes et al. Main page the ocean health index, narrated by harrison ford. Their comprehensive assessment is critical because. The analysis was a collaborative effort made possible through contributions from more than 65 scientists ocean experts. This year, antarctica and the southern ocean along with the high seas or areas beyond national jurisdiction abnj 15 regions as defined by the food and agriculture organization were also assessed. The ocean health index ohi is the first assessment tool that scientifically combines key biological, economic, and social elements of ocean health to guide decision makers towards sustainable use of the ocean. It rates the health of the ocean by country on one of ten goals. The ohi is a novel indicator approach to assess the health of the oceans through tracking the current and likely future status of ten widelyheld public goals.
Aug 15, 2012 global ocean health scores 60 out of 100, according to a newly devised ranking system that includes humans benefits in its evaluation of global and national waters. The index assesses the current status and likely future state of the ocean based on ten goals for a healthy ocean, and then averages the scores to give a single index score for the assessment. The best available science the ocean health index is designed to inform ocean management using the best available data, methods, and analytical tools. Usa prweb september 30, 2014 today, researchers announced the scores for the most comprehensive assessment done by the ocean health index, which scored the entirety of the earths oceans at 67 out of 100 in overall health the third annual update from the index, a partnership led by scientists from the national center. Aug 15, 2011 the ocean health index, a collaborative project of the group conservation international, the national geographic society, the new england aquarium, the national center for ecological analysis and the synthesis and the sea around us project, measures, country by country, the ability of marine ecosystems to thrive and to support human livelihoods. The ocean health index ohi is a scientific framework used to measure how healthy oceans are. Oct 17, 2012 the ocean health index represents a conservation paradigm that is relatively new. Ocean health index science has 107 repositories available. The 2019 ocean health index scores are available for the same 220 exclusive economic zones eezs that were measured in 20122018.
So say the scientists behind the 2016 ocean health index ohi, an annual study that evaluates key aspectsbiological, physical, economic and socialof ocean health worldwide. In a potential milestone for ocean management, a team of collaborators has produced the first ocean health index, a tool for appraising the state of the worlds oceans. Pdf the antarctic coast and seas are considered some of the most pristine marine systems on earth. Click the links to see coas model ordinances for banning singleuse plastic.
We provide most ocean health index ohi data through github, but some files are just too large. Stay uptodate on the latest developments in health receive special offers on health books and reports plus, receive your free bonus report, 101 tips for tiptop health. To learn more about what the ocean health index is, please visit the main site here. Aug 15, 2012 the ocean plays a critical role in supporting human wellbeing, from providing food, livelihoods and recreational opportunities to regulating the global climate. The current status is the present value relative to a specific reference point, with reference points established according to samhouri et al. Measuring indicators of ocean health for an island nation. Dec 09, 2019 the national institute of environmental health sciences niehs is expanding and accelerating its contributions to scientific knowledge of human health and the environment, and to the health and wellbeing of people everywhere. By providing a means to advance comprehensive ocean policy and compare future progress, the index can inform decisions about how to use or protect marine ecosystems. The raja ampat islands, an indonesian archipelago, known.
The ocean health index measures the conditions of a suite of benefits, or goals, that support human wellbeing and sustainable marine ecosystems. Grantees develop techniques for more accurate and earlier detection of harmful algal blooms. We created an index comprising ten diverse public goals for a healthy coupled humanocean system and calculated the index for every coastal country. Determining how healthy oceans are and managing for the future requires an assessment approach that evaluates current conditions comprehensively from social, economic, and environmental perspectives. The ocean is our biggest single asset, but weve never had an overall, datadriven method to measure its condition. Below are the overall global ranking for the country and list its topscoring goal with the topscoring components of that goal and the three lowest scoring goals with their lowest components each with their respective scores. Better science in less time, illustrated by the ocean health index project. A measure of ocean health across countries and high seas regions. Niehs and the national science foundation jointly fund research on marinerelated health issues through the centers for oceans and human health and through individual research projects focusing on oceans and the great lakes in relation to human health. Pdf measuring indicators of ocean health for an island.
The future health index highlights the opportunities and barriers to a more connected. Aug 15, 2012 to fill this gap, benjamin halpern et al. Currently, coa is aware of 57 municipalities that have adopted such ordinances. Select the experience below that best fits your needs. An index to assess the health and benefits of the global ocean. Annual scores and rankings overview download pdf of this page overall scores and individual scores are directly comparable between all regions. Selig and others published measuring indicators of ocean health for an island nation.
A healthy ocean sustainably delivers a range of benefits to people now and in the future. The 2016 ocean health index shows no major declinesand. Ocean health building university of california, santa cruz. These larger files are available from this location. The 2019 ocean health index global score for the eezs is 71 out of 100. The ocean plays a critical role in supporting human wellbeing, from providing food, livelihoods and recreational opportunities to regulating the global climate. Understanding the state of our oceans is a first step towards ensuring they can continue providing humans benefits now and in the future. According to the initial analysis, the overall global ocean health score was 60 out of 100 see graphic, indicating that the human ocean relationship.
Dec 08, 2016 the 2016 ocean health index shows no major declinesand few real improvements. Whereas most conservation research in the past has focused on understanding what ecosystems could look like free of all human activity, the ohi defines and studies ocean health in terms of how people value and interact with it. Learn more download data visit our overview website. Halpern bs, longo c, hardy d, mcleod kl, samhouri jf, katona sk, et al.
The first iteration of the ocean health index was released in august 2012. The ocean health index represents a conservation paradigm that is relatively new. New ocean health solutions, formerly carecam health systems, is a software design and development company that empowers companies and employers to foster a healthy culture. Global ocean health scores 60 out of 100, according to a newly devised ranking system that includes humans benefits in its evaluation of global and national waters. See this primer for more information about coordinate reference systems. Aug 15, 2012 the ocean health index is the first broad, quantitative assessment of the critical relationships between the ocean and people, framed in terms of the many benefits we derive from the ocean. Clean ocean action strongly urges municipalities to pass local ordinances addressing singleuse plastic pollution. Applying the ocean health index framework to the city. An index to assess the health and benefits of the global. The ocean health index is the comprehensive framework used to measure ocean health from global to local scales. The index takes into account the major factors that influence the quality of regional marine ecosystems like fisheries, biodiversity, tourism and carbon storage and then assigns a score.
I often say that when you can measure what you are speaking about, and express it in numbers, you know something about it. The ocean health index is a new, comprehensive measure of the oceans overall condition one that treats people and nature as integrated parts of a. So say the scientists behind the 2016 ocean health index ohi, an annual study that evaluates key aspects biological, physical, economic and social. Green represents improvements and red represents decline. Every year since 2012 we have repeated ocean health index ohi methods to track change in global ocean health.
According to the initial analysis, the overall global ocean health score was 60 out of 100 see graphic, indicating that the humanocean relationship is out of balance and unsustainable. Our path to better science in less time using open data. Best practices for assessing ocean health in multiple. A quantitative socioecological assessment using the ocean health. The ocean health index is the first broad, quantitative assessment of the critical relationships between the ocean and people, framed in terms of. The ocean health index is a valuable tool for the ongoing assessment of ocean health. Conservation international tasked us with creating a brand identity for ohi and launch the index with a graphically driven website that would continually educate the public and inform policy around the world. The ocean health index for fiji find, read and cite all the. The index provides a robust, widely applicable tool for ongoing assessment of ocean health with respect to wellaccepted societal goals and a key benchmark against which to compare future progress. The ocean health building at long marine laboratory is a research and teaching facility for vertebrate and invertebrate coastal biology and ecology, as well as marine conservation and policy. The analysis was a collaborative effort made possible through contributions from more than 65 scientistsocean experts. To assist your municipality, coa has materials and tools available.
Reviews from ocean health initiatives employees about ocean health initiatives culture, salaries, benefits, worklife balance, management, job security, and more. The ocean health index analyzes areas 58, 88 and 48 with its antarctic area and the other 15 areas as its high seas area. Oceans and human health national institute of environmental. The calculation of the ocean health index for 2014 represents the first year that the ocean health index has calculated a score for the entire global ocean. Built entirely with private support, the building opened in 2001 with 23,000 square feet of labs, offices, and meeting rooms, providing much needed. These files can be opened in mapping programs such as arcgis, grass gis, and r. Globally, the overall index score was 60 out of 100 range 3686, with developed countries generally performing better than developing countries. May 02, 2017 this webinar originally aired on 2 may 2017. Navigating the ocean of health information harvard health. The ocean health index is a universal standard and deep assessment of the link between global marine ecosystems and our own survival. Introducing the ocean health index the new york times. Using the ocean health index as an integrated tool for. The ocean health index, a collaborative project of the group conservation international, the national geographic society, the new england aquarium, the national center for ecological analysis and the synthesis and the sea around us project, measures, country by country, the ability of marine ecosystems to thrive and to support human livelihoods. Dec 08, 2016 so say the scientists behind the 2016 ocean health index ohi, an annual study that evaluates key aspects biological, physical, economic and social of ocean health worldwide.842 755 1495 1374 1297 241 474 1515 874 1008 429 732 1315 1103 1200 1010 1109 337 99 1379 1149 1141 868 670 1198 302 394 1012 378 698 1455 1392 959 1431 1415